Conveyor belts are the lifeline of modern businesses. Moving items from one point to the other in a seamless manner, they are the staple of production units all across the world. These machines made of pulleys and belts seem simple from the outside but their internals is sophisticated.
If any problem occurs in its functioning, the whole production process can come to a halt. A bumpy belt run can also lead to material loss, damage and increased costs. But how do you ensure that the belt works correctly every time?
The proper working of the conveyor belts depends on the smooth tracking and training. It will come down to the installation and implementation of the belt system. But even the smoothest conveyor belt tracking requires maintenance and training from time to time. So here are 5 simple tips that you can use to train your conveyor belts –
Make Sure the Frame is Level
Before stepping any further, it is vital that the frame is installed squarely and without any play. The main frame of the belt system should be level; otherwise, the belt will get pulled to sides. The frame keeps the belt aligned and makes it move in the desired path.
You will mainly have to train the belt this way when the layout is altered for production reasons. The out of level frame creates uneven tension and pulls the belt to the opposite side. This tension can lead to premature failure of the whole system.
Training a Belt Requires Cleanliness
It doesn’t matter if you are using a gigantic, factory floor covering conveyor system, dust or debris can affect its smooth working. The most affected parts are the pulleys and other components situated underside of the belt. The dust can steadily misalign the belt over time.
During setting up the conveyor belt systems, make sure the areas and the components are free from any dirt.
Use Straight Cut Belts
Most belts delivered straight to the work site are not cut straight or may develop some deformity due to shipping errors by the conveyer belt supplier. Without a straight belt and clean belt, training is not possible. It may appear straight but unless you get it tested with some standard, don’t implement it in a production run.
There is another thing that makes the conveyer belt not run on its track and that is lateral stiffness. If the belt does not sit on the carrying idlers, it will run to a single side. This can be corrected by training the belt before full operation with a slightly heavier load.
Ensure Proper Tensioning
Most conveyor belts are put into operation without ensuring proper training and tensioning. Taking time to train the belt across the whole unit and ensuring proper tension on the end and tail pulleys, idlers and return idlers will make your work a lot easier.
If the belt will be used in a mission-critical situation, it is always recommended to do some test runs with equivalent dummy loads. Approach it as if it’s a real run. If any problem still remains with the training, start checking each pulley and idler again.