Structural engineering is considered a sub-division in the field of civil engineering. The aim of professionals in this field is to ensure that every structure, whether it is a building or a bridge, does not collapse when it is subjected to natural as well as man-made conditions like fires, floods, etc. It is the role of structural engineers to ensure that their constructions are sound, stable, and safe for individuals to live in and travel on. Whether the building being constructed is brand new or is simply being remodelled, it is necessary for there to be a structural engineer to oversee different procedures and plans.
The main duty of a structural engineer on site is to ensure that the design of the building is flawless and that safety can be integrated into it. With rising environmental concerns, issues such as earthquakes and floods are becoming more commonplace. This is the most important reason for which homeowners as well as builders should consult with a structural engineer.
If you are constructing a new house, first make sure that all of your plans are decided and approved by your architect. Additionally, be prepared with a list of questions that you may want to ask the structural engineer you are meeting with. He will definitely be able to clear your doubts as well as even provide advice if the need arises.
On the other hand, if you are looking to remodel, it is vital for you to know the plan of your building inside out so that you can understand what areas cannot be touched for safety reasons. If you are unaware of this, it will be a good idea to bring in a structural engineer who will be able to oversee the details and explain what can and cannot be reworked. For example, you may not want to construct a wall on an area where an electrical box could be erected.
A structural engineer should be able to look at blueprints of the building as well as the topographical and geographical maps of an area along with weather reports before designing a sound and safe building. It is necessary for this engineer to remain onsite in order to keep an eye on the progress of the construction or remodelling so that accidents are avoided.
It is extremely important for a structural engineer to be a part of the construction process as he has the knowledge to determine which materials are best. Depending on the area that the building or bridge or tunnel is being erected in, materials will have to be chosen accordingly. For example, a house in Canada should be able to withstand the extreme winters and the roof should not cave. Simultaneously, they will also be able to ensure that the entire structure looks aesthetic and appeasing to the eye. Therefore, the role of the structural engineer is two-fold: to make the structure functionally as well as structurally sound. But, in order for this to be accomplished, there will be several sub-processes that need to be followed.