Irrespective of whether a house is old or new, there is always scope for the growth of mold and spores. These things grow and thrive in areas that are moist. The most common places to see mold growth is in ceilings, walls, and under sinks or basins. Climate also plays a key role in determining which areas are more prone to mold development. For example, areas in which there is heavy rainfall or where there is hot and humid weather all around are more prone to mold infestations than drier areas.
The main way that mold spores spread is through the air and this often triggers a number of medical concerns such as breathing problems in individuals whose houses are infested. The main problem with health issues related to mold is that the symptoms are often similar to other common illnesses and so can be hard to diagnose and treat. Mold growth causes illnesses that go through different stages and this can change over time depending on whether the infestation is treated or not. If you see any of these symptoms, it is a sign that you have to call in professionals to remediate the mold. The three main stages of symptoms are explained below.
- Early Stages- in the initial stages of illnesses caused by spores, the symptoms mimic those of common colds and allergies. This is because the spores are only present in small numbers, causing minor irritation of the nasal canal as well as the lungs and eyes. This irritation causes the individual(s) to cough, sneeze, or develop itchy eyes and runny noses. If the infection continues, it can lead to development of headaches as well as a nauseous feeling in the gut
- Middle stages- the symptoms in this stage are relatively more severe than those in the previous stage. An increase in the number of spores in the air can lead to more serious health consequences. This is because of prolonged exposure to the mold. Individuals who are living in such an environment could suddenly start losing weight as well as hair because of infection of other body parts such as the intestine and oesophagus. This can result in an upset stomach along with vomiting of blood as well as a constant feeling of tiredness. The body slowly becomes incapable of accepting nutrients and this further results in neurological impairments such as a loss of memory and physical impairments such as sexual dysfunction. These are indications that it is vital to remediate the spore infestation to prevent fatalities of those in the house
- Late Stages- the symptoms presenting in this stage are usually non-treatable and may end in non-survival of the individual. Prolonged exposure to mold spores can cause severe neurological and physical problems such as blindness, bleeding of the lungs, speech and thinking impairment, brain damage, and cancer.
The main way in which spore growth can be stopped is through remediation by professionals. Since mold spores are present in the air, it is impossible to get rid of all of them completely. Therefore, the number of spores present in the air have to be brought down to a minimal level and this process is known as remediation. After first inspecting the area affected by mold, professionals will either clean it completely with chemicals or advise you to throw out non-reusable items. The instrument used to reduce the moisture in the air as well as suck out spores is called a high-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) filtered vacuum. Once this is done, the house should be safe to live in again.